Local name: Mengkudu
Scientific name: Morinda citrifolia
Other names:Noni, mengkudu besar, queen of morinda, morinda,nthau,Indian mulbery, Ba Ji tian, hog apple,wild pine,menkoedoe,Ruibardo Caribe
Family:Rubiaceae


Mengkudu is more popularly known as noni. It is a type of plant that is commonly found in the tropics. Generally, mengkudu, can be categorised as small mengkudu and big mengkudu. It can also be categorised as with seeds and without (this is not so commonly found). In western countries, mengkudu is known as queen of morinda, it is also sometimes called cheese fruit because the smell it emits is similar to cheese when the fruit ripens. The leaves can be eaten as vegetables or ulam. It is rich in vitamin A.

Noni is definitely the fruit of the Morinda citrifolia tree, which is indigenous to the regions of Southeast Asia to Australia. The Morinda citrifolia is really a tree of the coffee family, and is also identified by distinct titles all over the earth. A number of the widespread titles of this tree are usually, Indian mulberry, great morinda, cheese fruits and also beach mulberry. This tree can easily attain a height of approximately 12 feet. Noni fruit is green in color, yet ultimately turns into yellowish green whenever ripened. It will take about Three months on an average for the noni fruits to ripen. Noni fruits are these days more and more utilized for producing nutritional supplements, since they are proven to supply a number of health advantages. The health supplements mostly are obtainable in the form of noni juice.

NONI  is  actually a Distinctive Exotic FRUIT which is cultivated within the Pacific Islands. It is known to the Pacific Island people as being a advantageous foodstuff. Usually it is used as a beverage to boost bodily functionality as well as assist all round great health. It really is well known as the “Aspirin of the Ancient”. It has been used successfully for more than 2,000 years in Polynesia, China India and also elsewhere and grows best wherever there is pollution free volcanic soil. The Cook Islands being one of several regions where it grows, have a distinctive feature; those are the only region on the planet that may claim to be totally “Organic” in the horticulture.

In the Carribean, it is known as 'pain killer tree' . In Malaysia, it is used as an antidote for urinary problems, period pains and bleeding. The mengkudu leaves are used as a bath infusion for women who are in confinement. Research has shown that mengkudu has the nutrients to prevent diabetes, cancer and hypertension. It is also said to provide relief for asthma, hay fever and rheumatism. Intake of mengkudu juice can also prevent diseases caused by hormonal deficiency like senility and is said to slow down aging.

Noni fruit has had hardly any scientific study therefore; the benefits supplied in this post are to this day not scientifically confirmed. We do know that this is a effective anti-oxidant as well as anti-inflammatory which usually certainly have applications to enhancing overall health. More people are boasting its health advantages.

1. Antioxidant

Antioxidants assist to battle toxins within the body. Free-radicals include the byproducts of food metabolism. Free radicals result in the oxidization of tissues. This originally leads to swelling in your body and finally can result in disease. Antioxidants eliminate toxins supplying the body along with defense against cardiovascular disease as well as cancer.

2. Anti-inflammatory

Noni fruit is really a effective anti-inflammatory that makes it relevant in lots of inflamation related illnesses. Conditions just like arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, as well as osteoarthritis particularly, noni fruit might help relieve the symptoms. Swelling in joints causes swelling, pain as well as lack of motion. By reduction of swelling in joints, the sufferer can get decreased swelling, enhancement in pain levels as well as rise in joint flexibility. Various other inflamation related problems that may benefit consist of psoriasis, eczema, acne, asthma, inflammatory bowel diseases and dermatitis.

3. Skin Health

Noni fruit can be used as a tonic for the skin. As being a abundant source of anti-oxidants, vitamin A and C plus selenium causes it to be a powerful fruit for skin health. These types of nutrition assist to safeguard the skin from cell damage and also the outcomes of ageing. Noni fruit creams at the moment are readily available for external use.

4. Improves Digestion

Noni juice equally supports as well as energizes the digestive process, promoting a far more effective breakdown of food into practical forms of nutrients. The laxative qualities of the juice assisted in the removal of waste material, cleaning the colon and efficiently sustaining a healthy environment within the lower intestine. Since digestion is improved, noni juice can also be capable of manage weight through the elimination of cravings since the body is much better revitalized.

5. Mental Health

Since noni fruit encourages serotonin discharge through the brain, some individuals have said mental health advantages. Serotonin will be a feel great hormone which can be used to manage moods. Noni fruit might be useful in the management of depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and also as a sleep aid. However, there isn’t any technological data presently to back these types of claims.

6. Noni for Diabetes

Initial research has discovered noni juice to be a highly effective supplement for the management of diabetes. In accordance with the research presented in “Evidence-based Complementary as well as Alternative Medicine,” after 20 days of dealing with diabetic animals along with noni, a substantial normalization of hyperglycemia — high blood-sugar levels — occurred which was nearly equal to that of the animals cured with classic diabetic drugs. The animals using noni juice additionally had considerably less liver damage and also fatty deposits within their livers as compared to animals within the placebo group. Noni juice’s mechanism of action just isn’t yet recognized, however it is assumed that noni possibly helps you to encourage insulin release or even improve insulin sensitivity within the body.

7. Noni for Cancer

Noni is considered the subject of research like a healing supplement for cancer patients. Research has shown that noni encourages an immune response, probably because of polysaccharides, that are antioxidant-rich ingredients seen in noni juice. One study discovered that the polysaccharides within noni juice assisted to avoid the expansion of breast as well as colon cancer cells. One more compound which was present in noni, known as a glycoside, was discovered to prevent cancer cells from attacking as well as damaging DNA and duplicating. These studies is still initial, yet McClatchey states that research is displaying guarantee for the usage of noni like a therapeutic adjunct for cancer victims.

8. Supports the Immune System

Since noni juice raises the assimilation of food, essential immune-supporting nutrition be more easily available to the body. Additionally, noni juice increases the elimination of waste elements through the body, therefore restricting the cells’ contact with harmful toxins which enter in the body’s system because of contaminated air or water within the atmosphere.

9. Pain-Relieving Properties

Noni juice is utilized effectively as a possible pain killer, reducing pain with out negative effects. This can be possible due to the connections in between xeronine as well as the cells. Xeronine results in a positive atmosphere for normal cellular functions, and also this in return, may possibly encourage a general sense of wellness, which in turn lessens the pain messages towards the brain.

10. Antibacterial

Whilst not an alternative to anti-biotics, the active dietary elements in noni juice, particularly anthraquinones, scopoletin and terpenes, can easily eliminate bacteria as well as fungus.

11. Immune system booster

Noni stimulates macrophages as well as fortifies the immune system, which in turn generates more lymphocytes. Additionally, it consists of anti-bacterial agents which combat infectious bacteria, which includes Staphylococcus aureus as well as Escherichia coli.

12. Antidepressant/sedative

Noni encourages seratonin as well as melatonin, two extremely important hormones. Seratonin affects mood, emotions, and sleep; imbalance in amounts of serotonin may possibly give rise to depressive disorders. Melatonin manages the Circadian rhythm, which will help you sleep; keeping this regular can help you obtain a good night’s rest, additionally enhancing your mood.

13. Skincare/hair

Noni’s qualities are helpful on skin and scalp conditions, just like eczema as well as ringworm; also applied on scalp for glossy hair; and can keep the skin youthful. Simply apply a few juice on affected skin/scalp, leave on for Fifteen minutes, rinse off. Ingestion of juice might help your nails to grow much better.

14. Hypertension

Noni has elevated levels of phytonutrients, selenium, as well as vitamin C, which battles free radical damage on blood vessel walls; scopoletin, a substance that could reduce blood pressure level; it really is alkaline, which will keep body fluids from turning into too acidic, as a result damaging free-radicals. Additionally, it has proxeronine, that is required for the body to make xeronine. Xeronine assists synchronize the cells to operate harmonious, lowering stress and as a result, blood pressure. Also offers the amino acid, tryptophan. When tryptophan enters the blood stream and goes to cells, it will help create some other substances which are important, for instance even more seratonin, that is ideal for reducing blood pressure level by means of its relaxing effect.

15. Irritable Bowel Syndrome/constipation

Noni is high in dietary fiber, which will help relieve the strain in your intestines as well as softens stool. Also offers essential vitamins and minerals to maintain your intestines healthy and balanced.

16. Metabolism

Move over Acai berry as well as green tea, Noni berry for metabolism is definitely the most recent super fruit which is creating waves within the health supplements circuit. Noni berry is commonly known as to boost your energy needs, help much better digestive function, control metabolic process and assist you to lead an energetic, healthy lifestyle. The local individuals of Polynesia utilized Noni fruit to fight exhaustion on a trip long distance. These days, Noni berry extracts, Noni tea, Noni tonic as well as other pills as well as tablets supply the exact same health advantages utilized traditionally. Noni berry for metabolism could also find uses for treating raised blood sugar levels in diabetic patients. The sufficient insoluble soluble fiber from the leaves as well as roots of the plant might help reduce the intake of simple sugars. The result is a slower as well as controlled surge in blood sugar levels soon after meals. Noni juice as well as Noni tea taken at frequent intervals or even after meals might help the digestion process. Moreover, certain chemical substances present in Noni extracts have led scientists to analyze the effect of Noni berry on cholesterol. Amino acids in Noni berry decrease the effect of plaque build up in arteries as well as manage the circulation of blood. Noni berry for metabolism and heart health are the most recent in the line of health advantages from Noni.

17. Helps in Arthritis

Noni juice assists in decreasing inflamation conditions as well as fortifies bones and also ligaments. The effect of Noni in arthritis treatment is a time tested one. People struggling with arthritis can seem to be the relief if Noni juice is taken as recommended by the manufacture on a regular basis.

18. Integumentary

The noni plant was initially noted for its usefulness for treating skin ailment. Tahitians have long been utilizing the fruits, leaves and bark for treating wounds, sores, abscesses, boils, ulcers, fungal infections, ringworms and scalp infections. Additionally, noni juice can be used as hampoo since it provides shine to hair, as well as treats hair dryness and also head lice.

19. Urinary and Reproductive Benefits

Apart from its usefulness for treating urinary tract infections, normal consuming of noni juice assists in dealing with sexually transmitted diseases just like gonorrhea as well as syphilis. It may also help in the diminishing of prostate enlargements as well as uterine fibroids, reduction of menstrual pains as well as normalization of irregular menstruation.

20. Nervous System Benefits

Consuming noni juice assists relieve pains following surgeries as well as giving birth. Additionally, it offers pain alleviation for a number of neuralgias, which includes shingles. Research has revealed that consuming noni juice stimulates serotonin receptors within the brain. Serotonin is great for sleep regulation, treats migraines and also depression, and enables alleviate the signs of Alzheimer’s disease. Additionally, it reduces the tremors of Parkinson’s disease and could hinder the neurodegenerative processes in multiple sclerosis.

21. Noni reduces cholesterol

Reductions in total cholesterol and triglycerides have been seen in smokers who consumed a product that contains juice from the fruit of the noni tree every single day for a month. The research was funded by the manufacturer of the product, sold as Tahitian Noni Juice. Investigator Mian-Ying Wang, MD, states she first became enthusiastic about learning noni juice in 1999 after becoming convinced that it assisted decrease her pain from the wrist fracture.

22. Noni increases energy

Evaluation of the ergogenic potential of noni juice.

Noni fruit juice is definitely an ever more popular health food. Traditionally, noni fruit was utilized by Polynesians to fight exhaustion. Clinical tests have stated that noni juice usage enhances standard of living scores associated with physical functioning and energy levels to fight fatigue, enhance stamina as well as improve all round physical performance.

23. Noni reduces Infections and strengthen immune system

Infections are the most typical uses of noni. The extract from the leaves of noni (not the fruit that renders noni juice) displayed an average suppression of Ascaris lumbricoides (intestinal nematodes) development in the test tube. However, noni juice hasn’t been proven to enhance infections once symptoms have revealed, however, there are anecdotal reports of patients feeling better from mild infections after using noni. Decoctions of the leaves or roots of related mulberry species might have several suppressive effect on parasitic infections.

24. Noni for pain relief

Pain, painful inflammation as well as swellings are definitely the second most typical use of noni. Research in mice has revealed that extracts from the root of noni (again, not rendered from the fruit) possess some pain reducing as well as sedative action.

25. Noni Juice and Hair Loss

It is important to observe that losing of hairs is really a natural process along with anything from 100 to 300 hairs randomly shed every day. Clearly time has a role to play within the development of hair loss both for women and men. Humans are born with different quantities of soft as well as fine body hair. Over time a number of this hair becomes stronger as well as develops further characteristics just like colour as well as texture. Up to the oncoming of adolescence the hairline is seen as a a minimal spread over the forehead. For males, this continues just for some more years.

Utilizing Noni Juice regularly might help stop hair thinning, in accordance with numerous major scientific tests. Moreover, utilizing Noni products, just like shampoos as well as soaps, will help stop the problem in the source by assisting to regenerate the lost hair cells. Noni Juice might have several advantages in store for you if you suffer one of these simple situations.

26. Anti-Aging  With Noni Juice

Noni juice includes a number of effective anti-oxidants. Antioxidants are extremely beneficial simply because they avoid free-radicals from damaging cells. They assist numerous body systems just like the defense, circulatory, digestive, metabolic, and nervous system. Anti-oxidants will also be very helpful in stopping skin aging as well as skin damage. They’re extremely effective anti-aging substances. Noni juice likewise helps produce xeronine within the body, that is a extremely effective agent in restoring broken cells.

27. Menstrual Problems

China Traditional medicinal practices has been recommended for hundreds of years Noni juice within the management of abnormal menstrual cycles in females, particularly when associated with lower back pain as well as pelvic area. Research has shown that in the properties of the noni for weight loss, it energizes the immune system, controlling cell function and cellular regeneration of damaged cells. It’s recently been proven to improve strength and is also thought to be attractive the management of impotence as well as sterility.

28. During Confinement

Post-childbirth, women bathe using the leaves (boiled in water) as it apparently helps reduce flatulence, while the seeds and fruit are commonly consumed during confinement.

29. Food Source

Noni is also a food source among natives of certain countries. For some, it is even a staple food.

In countries like Fiji, the fruit is consumed either raw or cooked, whereas in Myanmar, the unripened fruit is used in curries. In Malaysia, it is a part of local dishes like rojak and kerabu. Some Chinese use it in soups, believing it to have health-giving properties.

Its multitude of uses is the reason why so many scientific studies are being conducted on whether noni actually does all that users claim it does.

After all, if it has been consumed more than a thousand years, may not there be some truth to its abilities? What's more important is; how does it help those who are living?

Anyhow, caution needs to be noticed if considering ingesting any kind of noni fruit as the negative effects could be serious. Until scientific research performs in depth studies into this fruit, most health advantages will stay misguided.

CEKUR (Kaempferia galanga)
10:43 PM | Author: Atie
Kaempferia Galangal is called "Cekur", "Cekuh" or "kecil galanga" in Malay; "Kencur" or "Kentjoer" in Indonesia; "Ingurupiyali" or "Hingurupiyali" in Sri Lanka; "Proh hom", "Hom proh", "Waan teendin" or "Waan hom" in Thailand.

Cekur, thought to be native to China and India is now cultivated quite widely in Malaysia and other Southeast Asian countries. The highly aromatic rhizome of this plant is valued in Malaysia as a spice to flavor rice and also in 
folk medicine. This spice is rather popular in Thailand where it is used frequently in curries and soups. 

This is very short herb with leaves spreading horizontally and lying flat on the ground. The leaves are arranged distichously and packed very closely. The 
leaves are simple, green and elliptical-lanceolate in shape. The leaves are slightly aromatic. Flower are borne solitary. A stemless, small rhizomatous herb; rhizome tuberous, aromatic; root fibres-fleshy, cylindric. Flowers white, 6-12 cm from the centre of the plant between the leaves. 










                                                                        Cekur is found growing wildly in old gardens . It is also normally cultivated in villages. Cekur is  propagated through rhizome divisions or cutting obtained from matured mother plants. 

There are also names in other languages referring to sand, such as German ("Sandingwer") and Chinese ("Saa jiang") .


The scientific name is in honour of German botanist Engelbert Kaempfer (1651 to 1716.)

Scientific name : Kaempferia galanga Linn. 
Common name : Maraba,Finger root, Chinese ginger 
Local name : Cekur 

Family : Zingiberaceae 

Kaempferia galanga is one of the types of medicinal plants and one plant species in the tribe-finding meeting. Kaempferia galanga is a plant that is often used in the manufacture of traditional medicine, or more commonly referred to as herbs. Kaempferia galanga still have relatives with ginger, turmeric, keys and so on. Kaempferia galanga benefits have been widely used since the days of our ancestors. Kaempferia galanga is used as a base for traditional medicine for hundreds of years. Have you ever heard or drink herbal Kaempferia galanga?

Since ancient times, Kaempferia galanga has been known as a medicinal plant that is widely used to help treat various diseases. Kaempferia galanga among other benefits is to help relieve headaches, influenza, sprains and several other ailments. Kaempferia galanga efficacy has also been known since antiquity to help streamline the body, relieve migraine attack, asthma cure, treat rheumatic diseases, treat tetanus, coughing and able to get rid of acne. Based on laboratory research, the efficacy of Kaempferia galanga is because the plant Kaempferia galanga there are more than 23 compounds and seven among these compounds contain monoterpena compounds, aromatic compounds and sesquiterpene.

Kaempferia galanga current benefits are also widely used for the manufacture of modern medicine and cosmetic ingredients.

How to Obtain Benefits Kaempferia galanga

If you want to make a traditional herb with material Kaempferia galanga, you can just process it in a simple way. Kaempferia galanga properties you could easily feel the eating Kaempferia galanga regular basis, be it a form of traditional herbal and modern in supplement form.

One benefit of Kaempferia galanga is a body slimming. The trick, Kaempferia galanga rhizome Brewed 1 plus 1 teaspoon of rice flour and palm sugar 1 slice with a glass of hot water. Allow a few moments and then drink 3 times a day regularly.

Kaempferia galanga other properties is to treat coughs. How, Grate 3 pieces of Kaempferia galanga by a finger and put in half a glass of water that has been given a taste of salt. Then drink every morning and evening within a few days, your cough will subside. Also the powdered rhizome mixed with bees honey is given for coughs and pectoral ailments. Kaempferia galanga has no harmful side effects, so there are no age restrictions in order to consume Kaempferia galanga but also should not be too excessive.

The rhizomes of cekur mixed with oil is used externally for healing of wounds and applied warm on rheumatic region. The sliced rhizomes tied as a poultice hastens suppuration of boils. A lotion prepared with the rhizome is used to remove dandruff or scales from the head. 

Cekur is planted using mature rhizomes cuttings having 3-4 leaf buds. The cutting is dipped in fungicide to protect from soil-borne diseases. The rhizome cuttings are pregerminated in growing media before field planting to ensure a good stand in the field.Cekur can be planted in the open field or slightly shady areas. Or in the pot.

Soil Suitability - Cekur can be cultivated on various soil types but it grows better on soil with high organic matter content, good texture and drainage. It can be planted both in the tropic and subtropic. Under natural growing conditions, the vegetative growth starts at early rainy season and the leaves will be dried up in drought season when the rhizomes start to mature. 


Young leaves and rhizome are harvested at vegetative stage for dip, salad and other culinary purposes. For medicinal purposes, the mature rhizomes are harvested at 10-11 months after planting. At this stage, the leaf starts to turn yellow and dries.

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