Beluntas (Pluchea indica L / Baccharis indica L) is a plant commonly grown in a college or serve as a fence. The name of this plant is probably not so familiar. However, these plants do not actually form seasing name. If we look carefully, almost certainly the people would know him as the plants are often found in the yard, because it is often used as a hedge plant.

Beluntas leaves according to research results have antibacterial and antioxidant functions as well as potential for development as a food preservative and medicine.Plants growing in the family Asteraceae small shrub, grows upright and can grow as high as 2 meters with many branches. Beluntas or who have other names Phatpa or Marsh Fleabane has a short petiole, rounded edges taper, with a serrated edge. Some areas in Indonesia beluntas name with a different name like baluntas (Madura), Luntas (Central Java), and Lamutasa (Napier).

Beluntas an upright shrubs, woody, much branched, with a height can reach two meters. Single leaf, rounded egg shape, pointed tip, downy, yellowish-green young leaves and old after a long pale green leaves and from 3.8 to 6.4 cm. Grows wild in the soil with high humidity; in several places in West Java, this plant is used as a hedge and the boundary between land on the estate.

Chemical properties
Beluntas have leaves that contain alkaloids, tannins, sodium, essential oils, calcium, flafonoida, magnesium and phosphorus. At the root there flavonoid and tannin.

Pharmacological effects
According to the research results can be used beluntas leaves fresh or dried and has a distinctive odor, taste bitter, helping improve appetite, antifertilitas and helps facilitate digestion.

Some of the benefits of natural herbs Beluntas to health problems among others.
Part of Plant Used & Utilization:

All parts of plants, either fresh or dried, can be used to treat some diseases as follows.

1. Digestive Disorders in Children
Wash 3-5 leaves beluntas, knead, mix with porridge or rice strain teams, stir, and eat. Perform each meal.
Alternatively, squeeze 10 leaves, add 1 tablespoon of honey, and mix well. Combine this mixture on the team or porridge rice strain to be given with each meal.

2.  Rheumatic pain
Take 15 grams of root Beluntas, wash and boil with water and drinking water was boiled roots

3.  Eliminates body odor
Leaves and flowers beluntas contain alkali can be used as an antiseptic.
How to use leaf  beluntas to eliminate body odor is eaten raw or steamed first. Rinse leaves beluntas 10-15 and then eat as a salad. Perform routine 3 times a day. In addition to eliminating body odor Beluntas leaves also can eliminate bad breath. For those who do not like, can by drinking boiled water leaves every morning and evening. Beluntas also useful lower body temperature, so much sweat that comes out and the body temperature to drop. 

4.  Lowering Heat
Brewed beluntas like brewing tea leaves, then drink until normal body temperature.

Pregnant Women are prohibited from consuming this plant and not good for women because it can reduce woman's fertility.
Pegaga Aquatic

Scientific name : Centella asiatica (L.)
Common name : Asiatic Pennywort, Gotu
Local name : Pegaga

Family : Umbelliferae

Pegaga Nyonya
Centella asiatica, also known as gotu kola, is an annual herb native to India, Australia and Asia.  The leaves and stems of the gotu kola plant are used as medicine. Its leaves are eaten as a vegetable and it is also an important herb in the traditional medicine systems of those places. Research has revealed support for several of Centella asiatica's purported health benefits. 

There are 3 types of pegaga: 
1.   Pennywort Centella asiatica, 
2.   Merremia emarginata 
3.   Hydrocotyle spp. 

Pegaga Village

Asian species known to be able to cure various types of diseases. Some cultivars are popular in this country is pennywort Mistress, pennywort village and pennywort Salad.

In Malaysia, pennywort is very popular among the country's three main races, namely Malays, Chinese and Indians. For the Malays, he's eaten fresh as a salad, the Chinese used as a beverage cooler body, while the Indians, used as a tonic brainpower. In pennywort Madagascar in dry, milled and used to treat leprosy, asthma, Syphilis, bronchitis and skin lesions. Currently pennywort widely used as ingredients in the preparation of drugs and cosmetics in the European countries, the USA and Japan.

Scientists are able to determine chemical composition of Centella asiatica or gotukola contains various alkaloids, triterpenes, sterols, tannins, and glycosides. Recently three new compounds centellin, asiaticin, and centellicin were isolated from this herb. Consult your doctor for guidance in the safe and appropriate use of Centella asiatica.

Common Name
Asiatic pennywort,  Indian pennywort, Indian navelwort, gotu kola (Sinhalese origin)  
ब॒हमामानडुकी, bemgsag, brahma manduki, brahmanduki, brahmi (North India, West India), gotu kola,mandukparni, Thankuni,
daun kaki kuda (Indonesia), gagan-gagan (Java), kerok batok (Java), antanan (West Java), pegaga, pegagan, rendeng
braahamii (brahami), brahambuti, ghodtaapre (ghodtapre), ghorataap (ghortap), kholca ghayn

takip-kohol, takip-suso(tagalog),
brahamamanduki, brahma manduki, brahmi, divya, jalneem, mandukaparni, mandukparni, nandukparni, thankuni

Small-sized leaves usually hug the ground and have a short petiole stem; however, large leaves can have a petiole up to 20cm long. When plants are grown in the shade, they tend to have large leaves and very long petioles. This petiole stem can have a pink/purple tinge. Pink flowers 5mm across, usually set 2 to 4, side by side, as an umbel, developing from the stem nodes. Flowers are so small (and often hidden underneath leaves) that, generally, the flower is not noticed at all. It is only under a microscope that the flower’s beauty is seen. Although gotu kola belongs to the umbel family of plants, now classified as Apiaceae, there is very little resemblance to other umbel plants: like parsley, dill, fennel and coriander. Seeds, of gotu kola, form in flat, oval capsules, usually containing two tiny, brown, kidneyshaped seeds.

Gotu kola (Centella asiatica) has been used to treat many conditions for thousands of years in India, China, and Indonesia. It was used to heal wounds, improve mental clarity, and treat skin conditions such as leprosy and psoriasis.

Some people use it to treat respiratory infections such as colds, and in the past it was used for that in China. It has been called "the fountain of life" because legend has it that an ancient Chinese herbalist lived for more than 200 years as a result of taking gotu kola.

Pegaga (Centella asiatica Linn.) is widely consumed as herb in different parts of the world. Pegaga is generally used in health food and cosmetic products. In Malaysia, it is commonly consumed as vegetable or ‘ulam’ amongst the Malays and as a cooling drink by the Chinese. The interest on herbal beverages such as pegaga drink is because of its pharmacological activity. The pharmacological activity is attributed to its phytochemical constituents such as asiaticoside and antioxidant property. Currently, several pegaga based herbal products have been developed and marketed by Small and Medium Industries (SMI). They are marketed as herbal drink, cosmetic products and herbal preparation in the form of capsule, tablet and powdered products. Pegaga have also been developed into herbal confectionary.

Throughout history, gotu kola has been used for a wide range of health problems, which have included:

Venous insufficiency and varicose veins
When blood vessels lose their elasticity, blood pools in the legs and fluid leaks out of the blood vessels. That causes the legs to swell (venous insufficiency). Several small studies suggest gotu kola may help reduce swelling and improve blood flow. In a study of 94 people with venous insufficiency, those who took gotu kola saw their symptoms improve compared to those who took placebo. In another study of people with varicose veins, ultrasound tests showed that people who took gotu kola has less leakage of fluid.

One study also found that people who took gotu kola before flying had less ankle and leg swelling than those who didn't take it.

Wound healing and skin lesions

Gotu kola has chemicals called triterpenoids. In animal and lab studies, these compounds seem to help heal wounds. For example, some studies suggest that triterpenoids strengthen the skin, boost antioxidants in wounds, and increase blood supply to the area. Based on these findings, gotu kola has been applied to the skin, or used topically, for minor burns, psoriasis, preventing scars after surgery, and preventing or reducing stretch marks.
You can find gotu kola in many creams for wound healing. Ask your health care provider if one is right for you.

These same chemicals -- triterpenoids -- seem to decrease anxiety and increase mental function in mice. One human study found that people who took gotu kola were less likely to be startled by a new noise than those who took placebo. Since the "startle noise" response can be a way to tell if someone is anxious, researchers think that gotu kola might help reduce anxiety symptoms. But the dose used in this study was very high, so it's impossible to say how gotu kola might be used to treat anxiety.

A single study of 13 women with scleroderma found that gotu kola decreased joint pain and skin hardening, and improved finger movement.

Gotu kola acts as a sedative when given to animals in tests. Because of that, it is sometimes suggested to help people with insomnia. But no human studies have been done to see whether it works and whether it's safe.

Gotu kola’s constituents have a strong blood purifying action, and help to lower serum cholesterol levels; this could be mainly due to the action of Beta-sitosterol. The plant saponins help the function of the immune system, by assisting in breaking down the walls of diseased cells, making microbes easier to kill. It seems likely, that it is this same action that has been seen in research, which works to kill the leprosy bacteria by dissolving the waxy, protective substance around the bacteria.

Rheumatoid arthritis, an auto-immune disease, is inflammation affecting the synovial membranes. Cartilage and tissue, surrounding the lubricating fluid in the joints, can be destroyed. The body replaces this damaged tissue with scar tissue, causing the spaces between the joints to become narrow, to develop folds and to fuse together. There is stiffness, swelling, anemia, weight loss, and often crippling pain, with loss of mobility to carry out normal activity, which means the quality of life becomes greatly reduced. Gout can be classed as another form of arthritis, which attacks the smaller joints of the feet and hands, depositing crystallised uric acid salts in the joints causing swelling, redness, a sensation of heat and extreme pain. People, who wished to be free of these painful, debilitating diseases, have taken the herb. After a period of weeks to months, they usually experience a lessening of pain and disability: some report a complete cure.

Uses in traditional medicine

To treat dizziness, boil the leaves with green beans then leave it overnight in the open. Eat the leaves and beans with some sugar the next morning. When the leaves are boiled with onions and drunk, it is effective for treating rheumatism, water boiled with the roots is taken as tonic.

To treat typhoid, pound the leaves finely and apply to the forehead. Water in which the roots have been soaked is used for bathing by mothers after childbirth. The roots when boiled are sometimes used by Malays as a decoction or douche to treat vaginitis and vaginal thrush.

Ayurvedic medicine recommends pegaga for treating asthma, anaemia and other blood disorders, to reduce inflammation and fever. It consider the herb a “balancing” tonic, that increases energy while it relaxes the body, it is held to be effective in combating insomnia and making one calm for yoga and meditation.

According to scientific study, it is also said to improve intelligence and memory retention. The study reveal that tablets made from this plant when taken orally over 12 weeks by mentally retarded children, produced significant capabilities in them Madasiatic acid and brahmic acid have been isolated from the plant.
Local name: Mengkudu
Scientific name: Morinda citrifolia
Other names:Noni, mengkudu besar, queen of morinda, morinda,nthau,Indian mulbery, Ba Ji tian, hog apple,wild pine,menkoedoe,Ruibardo Caribe

Mengkudu is more popularly known as noni. It is a type of plant that is commonly found in the tropics. Generally, mengkudu, can be categorised as small mengkudu and big mengkudu. It can also be categorised as with seeds and without (this is not so commonly found). In western countries, mengkudu is known as queen of morinda, it is also sometimes called cheese fruit because the smell it emits is similar to cheese when the fruit ripens. The leaves can be eaten as vegetables or ulam. It is rich in vitamin A.

Noni is definitely the fruit of the Morinda citrifolia tree, which is indigenous to the regions of Southeast Asia to Australia. The Morinda citrifolia is really a tree of the coffee family, and is also identified by distinct titles all over the earth. A number of the widespread titles of this tree are usually, Indian mulberry, great morinda, cheese fruits and also beach mulberry. This tree can easily attain a height of approximately 12 feet. Noni fruit is green in color, yet ultimately turns into yellowish green whenever ripened. It will take about Three months on an average for the noni fruits to ripen. Noni fruits are these days more and more utilized for producing nutritional supplements, since they are proven to supply a number of health advantages. The health supplements mostly are obtainable in the form of noni juice.

NONI  is  actually a Distinctive Exotic FRUIT which is cultivated within the Pacific Islands. It is known to the Pacific Island people as being a advantageous foodstuff. Usually it is used as a beverage to boost bodily functionality as well as assist all round great health. It really is well known as the “Aspirin of the Ancient”. It has been used successfully for more than 2,000 years in Polynesia, China India and also elsewhere and grows best wherever there is pollution free volcanic soil. The Cook Islands being one of several regions where it grows, have a distinctive feature; those are the only region on the planet that may claim to be totally “Organic” in the horticulture.

In the Carribean, it is known as 'pain killer tree' . In Malaysia, it is used as an antidote for urinary problems, period pains and bleeding. The mengkudu leaves are used as a bath infusion for women who are in confinement. Research has shown that mengkudu has the nutrients to prevent diabetes, cancer and hypertension. It is also said to provide relief for asthma, hay fever and rheumatism. Intake of mengkudu juice can also prevent diseases caused by hormonal deficiency like senility and is said to slow down aging.

Noni fruit has had hardly any scientific study therefore; the benefits supplied in this post are to this day not scientifically confirmed. We do know that this is a effective anti-oxidant as well as anti-inflammatory which usually certainly have applications to enhancing overall health. More people are boasting its health advantages.

1. Antioxidant

Antioxidants assist to battle toxins within the body. Free-radicals include the byproducts of food metabolism. Free radicals result in the oxidization of tissues. This originally leads to swelling in your body and finally can result in disease. Antioxidants eliminate toxins supplying the body along with defense against cardiovascular disease as well as cancer.

2. Anti-inflammatory

Noni fruit is really a effective anti-inflammatory that makes it relevant in lots of inflamation related illnesses. Conditions just like arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, as well as osteoarthritis particularly, noni fruit might help relieve the symptoms. Swelling in joints causes swelling, pain as well as lack of motion. By reduction of swelling in joints, the sufferer can get decreased swelling, enhancement in pain levels as well as rise in joint flexibility. Various other inflamation related problems that may benefit consist of psoriasis, eczema, acne, asthma, inflammatory bowel diseases and dermatitis.

3. Skin Health

Noni fruit can be used as a tonic for the skin. As being a abundant source of anti-oxidants, vitamin A and C plus selenium causes it to be a powerful fruit for skin health. These types of nutrition assist to safeguard the skin from cell damage and also the outcomes of ageing. Noni fruit creams at the moment are readily available for external use.

4. Improves Digestion

Noni juice equally supports as well as energizes the digestive process, promoting a far more effective breakdown of food into practical forms of nutrients. The laxative qualities of the juice assisted in the removal of waste material, cleaning the colon and efficiently sustaining a healthy environment within the lower intestine. Since digestion is improved, noni juice can also be capable of manage weight through the elimination of cravings since the body is much better revitalized.

5. Mental Health

Since noni fruit encourages serotonin discharge through the brain, some individuals have said mental health advantages. Serotonin will be a feel great hormone which can be used to manage moods. Noni fruit might be useful in the management of depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and also as a sleep aid. However, there isn’t any technological data presently to back these types of claims.

6. Noni for Diabetes

Initial research has discovered noni juice to be a highly effective supplement for the management of diabetes. In accordance with the research presented in “Evidence-based Complementary as well as Alternative Medicine,” after 20 days of dealing with diabetic animals along with noni, a substantial normalization of hyperglycemia — high blood-sugar levels — occurred which was nearly equal to that of the animals cured with classic diabetic drugs. The animals using noni juice additionally had considerably less liver damage and also fatty deposits within their livers as compared to animals within the placebo group. Noni juice’s mechanism of action just isn’t yet recognized, however it is assumed that noni possibly helps you to encourage insulin release or even improve insulin sensitivity within the body.

7. Noni for Cancer

Noni is considered the subject of research like a healing supplement for cancer patients. Research has shown that noni encourages an immune response, probably because of polysaccharides, that are antioxidant-rich ingredients seen in noni juice. One study discovered that the polysaccharides within noni juice assisted to avoid the expansion of breast as well as colon cancer cells. One more compound which was present in noni, known as a glycoside, was discovered to prevent cancer cells from attacking as well as damaging DNA and duplicating. These studies is still initial, yet McClatchey states that research is displaying guarantee for the usage of noni like a therapeutic adjunct for cancer victims.

8. Supports the Immune System

Since noni juice raises the assimilation of food, essential immune-supporting nutrition be more easily available to the body. Additionally, noni juice increases the elimination of waste elements through the body, therefore restricting the cells’ contact with harmful toxins which enter in the body’s system because of contaminated air or water within the atmosphere.

9. Pain-Relieving Properties

Noni juice is utilized effectively as a possible pain killer, reducing pain with out negative effects. This can be possible due to the connections in between xeronine as well as the cells. Xeronine results in a positive atmosphere for normal cellular functions, and also this in return, may possibly encourage a general sense of wellness, which in turn lessens the pain messages towards the brain.

10. Antibacterial

Whilst not an alternative to anti-biotics, the active dietary elements in noni juice, particularly anthraquinones, scopoletin and terpenes, can easily eliminate bacteria as well as fungus.

11. Immune system booster

Noni stimulates macrophages as well as fortifies the immune system, which in turn generates more lymphocytes. Additionally, it consists of anti-bacterial agents which combat infectious bacteria, which includes Staphylococcus aureus as well as Escherichia coli.

12. Antidepressant/sedative

Noni encourages seratonin as well as melatonin, two extremely important hormones. Seratonin affects mood, emotions, and sleep; imbalance in amounts of serotonin may possibly give rise to depressive disorders. Melatonin manages the Circadian rhythm, which will help you sleep; keeping this regular can help you obtain a good night’s rest, additionally enhancing your mood.

13. Skincare/hair

Noni’s qualities are helpful on skin and scalp conditions, just like eczema as well as ringworm; also applied on scalp for glossy hair; and can keep the skin youthful. Simply apply a few juice on affected skin/scalp, leave on for Fifteen minutes, rinse off. Ingestion of juice might help your nails to grow much better.

14. Hypertension

Noni has elevated levels of phytonutrients, selenium, as well as vitamin C, which battles free radical damage on blood vessel walls; scopoletin, a substance that could reduce blood pressure level; it really is alkaline, which will keep body fluids from turning into too acidic, as a result damaging free-radicals. Additionally, it has proxeronine, that is required for the body to make xeronine. Xeronine assists synchronize the cells to operate harmonious, lowering stress and as a result, blood pressure. Also offers the amino acid, tryptophan. When tryptophan enters the blood stream and goes to cells, it will help create some other substances which are important, for instance even more seratonin, that is ideal for reducing blood pressure level by means of its relaxing effect.

15. Irritable Bowel Syndrome/constipation

Noni is high in dietary fiber, which will help relieve the strain in your intestines as well as softens stool. Also offers essential vitamins and minerals to maintain your intestines healthy and balanced.

16. Metabolism

Move over Acai berry as well as green tea, Noni berry for metabolism is definitely the most recent super fruit which is creating waves within the health supplements circuit. Noni berry is commonly known as to boost your energy needs, help much better digestive function, control metabolic process and assist you to lead an energetic, healthy lifestyle. The local individuals of Polynesia utilized Noni fruit to fight exhaustion on a trip long distance. These days, Noni berry extracts, Noni tea, Noni tonic as well as other pills as well as tablets supply the exact same health advantages utilized traditionally. Noni berry for metabolism could also find uses for treating raised blood sugar levels in diabetic patients. The sufficient insoluble soluble fiber from the leaves as well as roots of the plant might help reduce the intake of simple sugars. The result is a slower as well as controlled surge in blood sugar levels soon after meals. Noni juice as well as Noni tea taken at frequent intervals or even after meals might help the digestion process. Moreover, certain chemical substances present in Noni extracts have led scientists to analyze the effect of Noni berry on cholesterol. Amino acids in Noni berry decrease the effect of plaque build up in arteries as well as manage the circulation of blood. Noni berry for metabolism and heart health are the most recent in the line of health advantages from Noni.

17. Helps in Arthritis

Noni juice assists in decreasing inflamation conditions as well as fortifies bones and also ligaments. The effect of Noni in arthritis treatment is a time tested one. People struggling with arthritis can seem to be the relief if Noni juice is taken as recommended by the manufacture on a regular basis.

18. Integumentary

The noni plant was initially noted for its usefulness for treating skin ailment. Tahitians have long been utilizing the fruits, leaves and bark for treating wounds, sores, abscesses, boils, ulcers, fungal infections, ringworms and scalp infections. Additionally, noni juice can be used as hampoo since it provides shine to hair, as well as treats hair dryness and also head lice.

19. Urinary and Reproductive Benefits

Apart from its usefulness for treating urinary tract infections, normal consuming of noni juice assists in dealing with sexually transmitted diseases just like gonorrhea as well as syphilis. It may also help in the diminishing of prostate enlargements as well as uterine fibroids, reduction of menstrual pains as well as normalization of irregular menstruation.

20. Nervous System Benefits

Consuming noni juice assists relieve pains following surgeries as well as giving birth. Additionally, it offers pain alleviation for a number of neuralgias, which includes shingles. Research has revealed that consuming noni juice stimulates serotonin receptors within the brain. Serotonin is great for sleep regulation, treats migraines and also depression, and enables alleviate the signs of Alzheimer’s disease. Additionally, it reduces the tremors of Parkinson’s disease and could hinder the neurodegenerative processes in multiple sclerosis.

21. Noni reduces cholesterol

Reductions in total cholesterol and triglycerides have been seen in smokers who consumed a product that contains juice from the fruit of the noni tree every single day for a month. The research was funded by the manufacturer of the product, sold as Tahitian Noni Juice. Investigator Mian-Ying Wang, MD, states she first became enthusiastic about learning noni juice in 1999 after becoming convinced that it assisted decrease her pain from the wrist fracture.

22. Noni increases energy

Evaluation of the ergogenic potential of noni juice.

Noni fruit juice is definitely an ever more popular health food. Traditionally, noni fruit was utilized by Polynesians to fight exhaustion. Clinical tests have stated that noni juice usage enhances standard of living scores associated with physical functioning and energy levels to fight fatigue, enhance stamina as well as improve all round physical performance.

23. Noni reduces Infections and strengthen immune system

Infections are the most typical uses of noni. The extract from the leaves of noni (not the fruit that renders noni juice) displayed an average suppression of Ascaris lumbricoides (intestinal nematodes) development in the test tube. However, noni juice hasn’t been proven to enhance infections once symptoms have revealed, however, there are anecdotal reports of patients feeling better from mild infections after using noni. Decoctions of the leaves or roots of related mulberry species might have several suppressive effect on parasitic infections.

24. Noni for pain relief

Pain, painful inflammation as well as swellings are definitely the second most typical use of noni. Research in mice has revealed that extracts from the root of noni (again, not rendered from the fruit) possess some pain reducing as well as sedative action.

25. Noni Juice and Hair Loss

It is important to observe that losing of hairs is really a natural process along with anything from 100 to 300 hairs randomly shed every day. Clearly time has a role to play within the development of hair loss both for women and men. Humans are born with different quantities of soft as well as fine body hair. Over time a number of this hair becomes stronger as well as develops further characteristics just like colour as well as texture. Up to the oncoming of adolescence the hairline is seen as a a minimal spread over the forehead. For males, this continues just for some more years.

Utilizing Noni Juice regularly might help stop hair thinning, in accordance with numerous major scientific tests. Moreover, utilizing Noni products, just like shampoos as well as soaps, will help stop the problem in the source by assisting to regenerate the lost hair cells. Noni Juice might have several advantages in store for you if you suffer one of these simple situations.

26. Anti-Aging  With Noni Juice

Noni juice includes a number of effective anti-oxidants. Antioxidants are extremely beneficial simply because they avoid free-radicals from damaging cells. They assist numerous body systems just like the defense, circulatory, digestive, metabolic, and nervous system. Anti-oxidants will also be very helpful in stopping skin aging as well as skin damage. They’re extremely effective anti-aging substances. Noni juice likewise helps produce xeronine within the body, that is a extremely effective agent in restoring broken cells.

27. Menstrual Problems

China Traditional medicinal practices has been recommended for hundreds of years Noni juice within the management of abnormal menstrual cycles in females, particularly when associated with lower back pain as well as pelvic area. Research has shown that in the properties of the noni for weight loss, it energizes the immune system, controlling cell function and cellular regeneration of damaged cells. It’s recently been proven to improve strength and is also thought to be attractive the management of impotence as well as sterility.

28. During Confinement

Post-childbirth, women bathe using the leaves (boiled in water) as it apparently helps reduce flatulence, while the seeds and fruit are commonly consumed during confinement.

29. Food Source

Noni is also a food source among natives of certain countries. For some, it is even a staple food.

In countries like Fiji, the fruit is consumed either raw or cooked, whereas in Myanmar, the unripened fruit is used in curries. In Malaysia, it is a part of local dishes like rojak and kerabu. Some Chinese use it in soups, believing it to have health-giving properties.

Its multitude of uses is the reason why so many scientific studies are being conducted on whether noni actually does all that users claim it does.

After all, if it has been consumed more than a thousand years, may not there be some truth to its abilities? What's more important is; how does it help those who are living?

Anyhow, caution needs to be noticed if considering ingesting any kind of noni fruit as the negative effects could be serious. Until scientific research performs in depth studies into this fruit, most health advantages will stay misguided.

CEKUR (Kaempferia galanga)
10:43 PM | Author: Atie
Kaempferia Galangal is called "Cekur", "Cekuh" or "kecil galanga" in Malay; "Kencur" or "Kentjoer" in Indonesia; "Ingurupiyali" or "Hingurupiyali" in Sri Lanka; "Proh hom", "Hom proh", "Waan teendin" or "Waan hom" in Thailand.

Cekur, thought to be native to China and India is now cultivated quite widely in Malaysia and other Southeast Asian countries. The highly aromatic rhizome of this plant is valued in Malaysia as a spice to flavor rice and also in 
folk medicine. This spice is rather popular in Thailand where it is used frequently in curries and soups. 

This is very short herb with leaves spreading horizontally and lying flat on the ground. The leaves are arranged distichously and packed very closely. The 
leaves are simple, green and elliptical-lanceolate in shape. The leaves are slightly aromatic. Flower are borne solitary. A stemless, small rhizomatous herb; rhizome tuberous, aromatic; root fibres-fleshy, cylindric. Flowers white, 6-12 cm from the centre of the plant between the leaves. 

                                                                        Cekur is found growing wildly in old gardens . It is also normally cultivated in villages. Cekur is  propagated through rhizome divisions or cutting obtained from matured mother plants. 

There are also names in other languages referring to sand, such as German ("Sandingwer") and Chinese ("Saa jiang") .

The scientific name is in honour of German botanist Engelbert Kaempfer (1651 to 1716.)

Scientific name : Kaempferia galanga Linn. 
Common name : Maraba,Finger root, Chinese ginger 
Local name : Cekur 

Family : Zingiberaceae 

Kaempferia galanga is one of the types of medicinal plants and one plant species in the tribe-finding meeting. Kaempferia galanga is a plant that is often used in the manufacture of traditional medicine, or more commonly referred to as herbs. Kaempferia galanga still have relatives with ginger, turmeric, keys and so on. Kaempferia galanga benefits have been widely used since the days of our ancestors. Kaempferia galanga is used as a base for traditional medicine for hundreds of years. Have you ever heard or drink herbal Kaempferia galanga?

Since ancient times, Kaempferia galanga has been known as a medicinal plant that is widely used to help treat various diseases. Kaempferia galanga among other benefits is to help relieve headaches, influenza, sprains and several other ailments. Kaempferia galanga efficacy has also been known since antiquity to help streamline the body, relieve migraine attack, asthma cure, treat rheumatic diseases, treat tetanus, coughing and able to get rid of acne. Based on laboratory research, the efficacy of Kaempferia galanga is because the plant Kaempferia galanga there are more than 23 compounds and seven among these compounds contain monoterpena compounds, aromatic compounds and sesquiterpene.

Kaempferia galanga current benefits are also widely used for the manufacture of modern medicine and cosmetic ingredients.

How to Obtain Benefits Kaempferia galanga

If you want to make a traditional herb with material Kaempferia galanga, you can just process it in a simple way. Kaempferia galanga properties you could easily feel the eating Kaempferia galanga regular basis, be it a form of traditional herbal and modern in supplement form.

One benefit of Kaempferia galanga is a body slimming. The trick, Kaempferia galanga rhizome Brewed 1 plus 1 teaspoon of rice flour and palm sugar 1 slice with a glass of hot water. Allow a few moments and then drink 3 times a day regularly.

Kaempferia galanga other properties is to treat coughs. How, Grate 3 pieces of Kaempferia galanga by a finger and put in half a glass of water that has been given a taste of salt. Then drink every morning and evening within a few days, your cough will subside. Also the powdered rhizome mixed with bees honey is given for coughs and pectoral ailments. Kaempferia galanga has no harmful side effects, so there are no age restrictions in order to consume Kaempferia galanga but also should not be too excessive.

The rhizomes of cekur mixed with oil is used externally for healing of wounds and applied warm on rheumatic region. The sliced rhizomes tied as a poultice hastens suppuration of boils. A lotion prepared with the rhizome is used to remove dandruff or scales from the head. 

Cekur is planted using mature rhizomes cuttings having 3-4 leaf buds. The cutting is dipped in fungicide to protect from soil-borne diseases. The rhizome cuttings are pregerminated in growing media before field planting to ensure a good stand in the field.Cekur can be planted in the open field or slightly shady areas. Or in the pot.

Soil Suitability - Cekur can be cultivated on various soil types but it grows better on soil with high organic matter content, good texture and drainage. It can be planted both in the tropic and subtropic. Under natural growing conditions, the vegetative growth starts at early rainy season and the leaves will be dried up in drought season when the rhizomes start to mature. 

Young leaves and rhizome are harvested at vegetative stage for dip, salad and other culinary purposes. For medicinal purposes, the mature rhizomes are harvested at 10-11 months after planting. At this stage, the leaf starts to turn yellow and dries.

The Rose Hip @ R. canina
10:46 AM | Author: Atie

Rose hips are a perennial plant with thorny branches that give way to pink and white flowers and scarlet fruits, called “hips.” These rose hips are the ripe ovaries or seeded fruit of roses forming on branches after the flower. They are oval in shape and appear fleshy, shrunken, and wrinkled. Inside the hips are 3 or more small yellow-brown seeds. R. canina is native to Europe, North Africa, and temperate areas of Asia. The fruits (hips) are picked in autumn and used medicinally.

Scientific names: Commonly derived from Rosa canina, R. rugosa, R. acicularis, or R. cinnamomea. Numerous other species of rose have been used for the preparation of rose hips.

Common names: Rose hips also are known as heps and dog rose (R. canina).

Rose hips are typically colored orange or red and resemble a berry. Rose hips are the fruit of rose bushes and, when fresh, can have more than 60 times as much vitamin C as one orange. The rose hips valued for their medicinal use in folk medicine come from two rose varieties: Rosa gallica and Rosa canina, which are native to Asia, Northern Africa and Europe. The medicinal properties of rose hips can be obtained by using them to make teas, syrups and jellies. They are also used to make oils that are used to help the complexion. Rose hips have many culinary uses. They are used in soups, stews, puddings, apple sauce, tarts, breads, pie, jam and marmalade. 

However, what makes Rose hips extra special is that it also serves as an herbal medicine and a holistic treatment for a lot of diseases and conditions. Rose hips provide a robust source of vitamin C and are believed to have more vitamin C than any other citrus fruit.

Modern medical scientists have found out that the Rose hips have an anti-inflammatory property that helps patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis, a known condition that causes the breakdown of important joint cartilages that allows bones to rub against other bones thus causing loss of movement and pain during sudden movements.

The scientists have found out that a powder of a wild variety of rose hip known as Rosa canina can be “three times more effective than standard paracetamol” in pain remedy and also highly effective and powerful than glucosamine.

Researchers based in Denmark also reported their conclusion based on a study, that patients who consumed daily a rose powder made from dog rose enjoyed lesser joint pain and stiffness and an overall improvement in posture, mood and well being within 4 months of rose hips treatment. They also gathered that it is because rosehips contain a high amount of antioxidant flavonoids which is known to exhibit anti-inflammatory properties.

Rose hips also protects from cardiovascular disease and cancer because it contains a high dose of anthocyanins, catechins and other known phytochemicals and polyphenolics that protects the body from cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Rose hips also contain plant sterols, carotenoid pigments and tocotrienols. Aside from these, researchers later found out that Rose hips also contain pectin, a strong soluble fiber that builds a wall that protects against all sorts of cardiovascular diseases. Clinical trials results show that rose hips greatly reduce the effect of C-reactive protein levels that cause cardiovascular diseases thus lowering the possibility of it to happen.

Being a true holistic remedy, rose hips is also used as herbal teas, by letting the crushed or dried rose hips boil for 8-10 minutes. With the rose hips herbal tea, one can add half teaspoon of dried mint for additional flavor and add 2 tablespoons of berries per pint of hot water. Rose hips herbal tea is very effective as an anti-oxidant and helps cleanse the body system with unwanted chemicals and contributes to a smoother blood stream flow.

Other benefits of Rose hip Tea
Disorders and Diseases
Rose hip tea may be used to help treat disorders such as chronic diarrhea, allergies and asthma as well as bronchitis and stress. It's also thought to benefit those with (as well as help prevent) heart disease. Because the pectin in rosehips binds with intestinal fats prior to absorption, it may relieve constipation, cleanse the intestines and help lower cholesterol.

Urinary Tract
Rose hip tea simulates the immune system. As a result, it can help relieve irritation in the urinary tract, particularly given its mild disinfectant properties. Consequently, sometimes is used to treat urinary tract infections.

Cold and Flu Prevention
Thanks to its high vitamin C content, rose hips can be used to prevent and treat colds and flu. The antioxidants and bioflavonoids in rosehips also play a role in boosting the body's immune system response by causing it to attack free radicals.

Rheumatism and Water Retention
Rose hip tea acts as a diuretic, meaning it helps the body eliminate water within body tissue. It also has been used to relieve mild pain associated with rheumatism.

How to grow Rose Hips
Home gardeners don’t start roses from seed, use cuttings or seedlings. Choose a location that will get a lot of sun, and can handle the plants growing to a height close to 5 feet. Roses will grow into a very dense and thorny shrub, so don’t plan on using it too close to any walkways or paths. Brushing up against the rose bush can be unpleasant and prickly.

Dig a hole large enough for the roots of your rose seedling, and plant it to the same depth as it was in its original pot. You don’t need to add any compost or fertilizer, but give it a generous watering.

Though they can grow into large shrubs, you can certainly grow roses in containers. You will need a large pot, 5 to 10 gallons in size for each rose bush. Water a potted rose a little more often than a garden-planted one, but don’t let it get water-logged. Your container should have very good drainage. Use regular soil without added compost, and even add a little sand to help with draining.

Pests and Diseases
Roses can also suffer from stem cancer, a fungus that usually attacks the stems but can also effect the flowers. You will first notice brown or reddish patches on the stems of your roses, that eventually dry out and leave a shrunken lesion on the branch. If it goes all the way around the stem, the branch will die off above that point.

Fungicides can help, and you can help prevent it with a bit of care. Prune out any dead branches in the shrub and try to remove any that are rubbing against each other. If you do water your roses, do so at the soil not over the leaves. The water will spread the fungus spores.

Whether you are using fungicide or pesticide, make sure you get one intended for edible plants. Buying products for roses may make your hips toxic because the sprays are not formulated for “food plants”. Any products that are labeled for vegetables or fruits will work fine.

Harvest and Storage
Most rose hips will be ripe for picking, orange hips are not quite ripe, but deep red ones are over-ripe. You have to judge the right color in between to get the highest levels of vitamin C. They should be just slightly soft, not mushy.

Use clippers to snip the rose hips off each stem. Spread them out in the sun and let them dry until you notice their skins starting to wrinkle up slightly. You need to slice each hip in half, and scrape out the little seeds. Once the seeds are out, leave the hips to dry out completely.

After they are dried, you can store them in the refrigerator for several months. If you freeze them, they will keep for a year or longer.
Daun Dewa called Gynura segetum (Lour) Merr or Gynura pseudochina (L) DC. belonging to the plant family Compositae or Asteraceae. This plant is known by local names beluntas china, Daun Dewa or samsit.

Division: Spermatophyta
Sub Division: Angiospermae

Class: Dicotyledoneae
Nation: Asterales
Ethnicity: Asteraceae (Compositae)
Marga: Gynura
Type: Gynura pseudochina (Lour.) DC

This plants said to have originated from Burma and China are classified in herb plants, with a height of 30 - 45, growing up straight, short trunk and soft, pentagon-shaped, oval cross-section, smooth-haired and purple-green. Young stems green, if a bit old branched lot.

This single-leaved plants, scattered around the stem, short-stemmed, rounded shape ovate to elongate, pointed tip, edges uneven, tapered base, pinnate leaves bones. Leaves mostly clustered at the bottom, somewhat rare in the tip of the stem, position the criss-cross. Both leaf surfaces smooth haired, white color. The color of the leaf surface dark green, light green bottom. Leaves about 20 cm long and 10 cm wide.

Compound interest is growing at the end of the stem, hump-shaped yellow (flower heads), hairy, calyx cup-shaped green, needle-shaped stamens. Seed, needle-shaped, about 0.5 cm long, brown. The roots of this plant is the root fibers, flaxen forming tubers as a food reserve.

Daun dewa for practitioners of herbal medicine.This plant can be used in circumstances or in fresh and dried. Apart from leaves, tubers of this plant can also be used as a drug. Twin advantages of this plant is not only used as a drug, can also be as a vegetable in the form of vegetables.

Chemical nature:
The content of the known chemicals, including: flavonoids, phenolic acid, chlorogenic acid, kafeat acid, p-kumarat acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid and vanillic acid. Gynecology and the benefits of flavonoids compounds, saponins, and essential oils is indicated to reduce blood cholesterol. Essential oils in plants is thought to stimulate blood circulation, is also analgesic and anti-inflammatory. Essential oils and flavonoids also act as antiseptic. Other compounds contained in the daun dewa are alkaloids, tannins and polyphenols.

Pharmacological EFFECTS:
This plant is: anti-coagulant (blood clot melt), stimulate circulation, stop bleeding, remove heat, cleanse toxins, anti-carcinogen and anti mutagenitas, diuretic. In the pharmacology of Chinese called this plant has a distinctive flavor and properties of neutral. Based on the results of empirical research and experience it is known that this plant is an anticoagulant, antikarsinogen, antimutagenitas, blood circulation, stop bleeding, blood thinners and diuretics (urine laxative). It is also known that all parts of this plant can be used to treat breast tumors and burns.

This pharmacological effect is obtained from the use of whole plants.

Leaves, is useful for: injuries hit, circulation, stop bleeding (coughing up blood, vomiting blood, nosebleeds), breast swelling, throat infection, did not come menstruation, and bitten by venomous animals.

Bulbs, useful for: remove a blood clot (haematom), swelling, bone's fracture, bleeding.

Propagation daun dewa and the plant is easily done, to grow with adequate fertilizer and regular watering.

Planting Daun Dewas can be done as follows:
a. Root crops can be planted immediately, within a few days, on the bulb will grow saplings.

c. If the plant is old, from the plant stalks arise chicks. If the height reached 15 cm, cut and replanted.

Fertilization should use organic fertilizers, such as manure or compost.  Fertilizers are given 3-7 days before planting soil by stirring in the planting hole. Watering plays an important role on the performance of the leaf. Therefore, it should be done routinely every day. Weeding or eradication of weeds and grow pests (weeds) should be done routinely.

Here are some diseases that can be cured by the Daun dewa:

1. Swelling of acne (acne vulgaris)  
Pulverized daun dewa to taste, then put on the pimple, then cover with a cloth or plaster.

 2. Coughing and vomiting of blood, bleeding and swollen breasts.
Prepare 15 grams of leaves of daun dewa plant which have been washed, boiled in 3 cups water until the remaining half. Drinking after a cold, half a cup three times a day.

3. Prevent strokes and heart attacks
Take 10 grams of fresh leaves of the fresh daun dewa, washed, finely crushed, then add half a glass of water. Filter pulp, and drink every afternoon. Or it could be eaten raw 1 a day.

4. Bitten by venomous animals
Take 10 grams of tubers daun dewa, finely crushed. Put on the body part bitten beasts, then wrapped with a cloth or plaster.

5. Diabetes
Take 5 leaves of fresh daun dewa plant, brewed with 110 cc of water. Drink once a day as much as 100 cc.

6. Rheumatism
Take 30 grams of fresh daun dewa, wash and then boiled. Mash and squeeze with a little water. Drinking every day. Alternatively, provide 30 grams of fresh leaves of deciduous plants god, red ginger 10 grams, and 30 grams of mustard roots sky. Put it in 600 cc of water, and boil until the remaining 300 cc of water. Filter with a clean cloth, drink.
Or wash and 10 grams of fresh leaves of daun dewa, peeled and ate them raw 1 a day. Another way mashed tubers 10 grams, add ½ cup of boiled water, strain and squeeze, Drinking juice every afternoon.

7. Burns and slash
Mashed tubers of daun dewa, add a little brown sugar to the dough like a salve. Apply to the burn or cut wounds, and dressing.

8. Seizures in children
Take 30 grams of whole plant parts of daun dewa, wash. Mash and squeeze any excess water. Add 1 shot of warm wine, stir, and drink well 1 time a day.

9. Bruises and colds
Grandson net 10 gram tuber of daun dewa then mash until smooth, add 1 shot of yellow wine and heat for 1 minute. Drink at once one time a day.

 10. Warts and Wounds Cantengan
Rinse  five leaves of daun dewa and mash until smooth. Apply on the wound and dressing. Replace medicine and bandaged - 2 times a day.

11. Late period
Rinse all parts of the plant 25 grams of fresh leaves of the daun dewa, mashed, and then squeeze the water. Add 1 shot of warm wine, stir, and drink well 1 time a day.

12. Prevention and treatment of tumors and cancer
Rinse 3-4 leaves of daun dewa, wash thoroughly, then eat them raw as fresh vegetables.

There has a lot of the benefits we can get from the leaves of daun dewa.


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